In many production processes, there is a high degree of complementarity between employees in different jobs—in other words, workers with unique functions are each essential and depend on each other to get the work done. In such cases, work absence can be costly for firms, especially if there are few employees with similar skills who can substitute for the absent worker. In a new study, Lena Hensvik and Olof Rosenqvist (both at Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy, Uppsala, Sweden) explore how employers are addressing this problem.
Continue reading “Workers with Unique Competence at Their Workplace Say “I’m Taking a Sick Day” Less Often”
Economists need to understand workers’ reported working hours to develop sound policies related to the labor market, such as income-tax systems, childcare programs, and universal basic-income schemes. In a new study, Garry Barrett (University of Sydney) and Daniel Hamermesh (Barnard College) asked: How well do workers report their hours? Do we really have an accurate understanding of the labor supply?
Continue reading “Understanding Working Hours—Can We Rely on Worker-Recalled Data?”
Government-sponsored job training programs are believed to be essential to improve the job prospects of economically disadvantaged citizens and reduce dependence on safety net programs, but do they work? Job Corps is the main federal training program in the United States targeted at disadvantaged youth ages 16 to 24. Xuan Chen (Renmin University of China), Carlos A. Flores (California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo), and Alfonso Flores-Lagunes (Syracuse University) measure the effectiveness of Job Corps training and find a positive effect on three important outcomes—earnings, employment, and amount of public benefits received.
Continue reading “Job Corps Improves Earnings, Employment, and Use of Public Benefits…Even for Eligible Nonparticipants”
Many economists have shown that ethnic diasporas are important for foreign direct investment, technology transfer, and international trade, but little is known about how international diasporas affect the production of scientific knowledge.
Continue reading “Tracking the Effects of a Diaspora on Knowledge Production”
When a popular drug is pulled from the market, what happens to those who suffer from chronic pain? Researchers find that removing Vioxx due to safety concerns left many unable to work.
Medical technology has improved dramatically, yet we know little about the impacts of medical innovation on the productivity and labor supply of workers. Continue reading “Missing Work Is a Pain”
Inside Higher Ed story “Importing Apprenticeships” cites a JHR paper that investigates the payoffs and tradeoffs of more job focused education. Continue reading “What Works in the Long Run? Apprenticeships or General Education?”