We welcome submissions to Ecological Restoration from any part of the world. Submissions should relate to the restoration of plants, animals, ecological communities, or landscapes. We understand ecological restoration to be a multidisciplinary and diverse effort and welcome manuscripts considering ecological, social, and cultural aspects of restoration, as well as political, economic, legal, philosophical, and regulatory issues, urban restoration, and other subjects related to the ongoing development of the endeavor of ecological restoration. Relevant topics also include techniques and tools for planning, site preparation, species introduction, undesired species control, and monitoring. Manuscripts dealing with plant or animal community composition or general ecology must relate the work explicitly to ecological restoration practice and theory. Similarly, material dealing with reclamation or rehabilitation in a broader sense, or with restoration for economic purposes—economic forestry, range management, waste disposal—must be connected to ecological restoration. Material may be submitted for the following categories (listed as they are encountered in the journal):
• Letters to the Editor
• Observations/Editorials/Commentary/Policy Reports
• Restoration Notes (shorter items describing project updates, new collaborations, events, innovative technologies, preliminary or unusual findings, thought-provoking concepts, imaginative solutions, etc.)
• Full-length feature articles on ecological restoration theory, practice, and research (case studies, research reports, photo essays, experiments, etc.)
• Book, journal, web, or movie reviews
Authors of notes, full-length articles or reviews should submit their material online at http://er.msubmit.net. Manuscripts must be submitted with a cover letter stating that the material has not been previously published, and has not been submitted elsewhere and will not be until a final decision has been reached by the editor. Questions about the online submission site, or general inquiries may be emailed or mailed to the address at right.
Review and Editing Process
All efforts are made to find appropriate peer reviewers for research and practitioner-oriented manuscripts submitted to the journal (typically a minimum of two anonymous reviewers). The process requires approximately four to six months. Please indicate in your cover letter 3-5 reviewers appropriate for your paper.
Restoration Notes are reviewed and edited in-house unless additional expertise is required to evaluate the submission.
Authors can expect to work closely with the editors to prepare manuscripts for a broad audience. The editors reserve the right to edit for style and clarity.
Ecological Restoration reaches readers with a wide variety of backgrounds and interests. Practitioners of ecological restoration are both a core audience and source of contributions to ER. Contributors should use a straightforward style free of unnecessary technical terms and jargon. We prefer the active voice (for example, "We measured three trees" instead of "Three trees were measured"). While we publish the standard research publication format (literature review, methods, results, discussion), we encourage alternative formats. These include case studies with well-developed discussions of lessons for the general ecological restoration community, or articles on a specific study, beginning with a brief overview and relevance to a broader group of readers and including a discussion of the practical applications for ecological restorationists and their work.
Manuscript Specifications and Format
Cover letter: Please submit a cover letter with your manuscript, briefly stating why your manuscript is appropriate for Ecological Restoration. In your cover letter, please also list 3-5 potential reviewers for your manuscript.
We appreciate full-length manuscripts kept below 4,000 words, although we will accept longer pieces when appropriate. Restoration Notes are generally a maximum of 1,500 words and may include up to two accompanying graphics. Book reviews are typically 800-1,000 words.
• Manuscripts should be in English, Times New Roman, 12 point font.
• Manuscripts should be double spaced with one-inch margins.
• Manuscripts should include continuous line numbers throughout the document.
• Please use only one space between sentences
Title Page: Submissions should include a brief but descriptive title, followed by the author name(s). Affiliation and contact information should be provided at the end of the article after the references.
Abstracts: Authors of full-length articles should include a 250-word abstract plus a set of no more than five alphabetized keywords (not repeated from the title). No abstract is needed for Restoration Notes
Supplementary Materials: Online appendices are available for extensive quantitative data or detailed statistical analyses in full-length articles.
• Avoid footnotes in Articles, Restoration Notes, and tables.
• We use metric measurements.
• Spell out each acronym the first time it is used in the text and captions: warm-season grasses (WSG).
• Scientific names for all species should be presented in italics and parentheses after the first usage of each common name in the text: Culver's root (Veronicastrum virginicum). Do not include the scientific authority, only the Latin binomial. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System is our default nomenclatural authority.
• Statistical terms and other measures should conform to the Council of Biology Editors Style Manual. Report the test, test statistic and p-values. P-values should be reported as lowercase, italicized p. For example: “Between-year contrasts in plant density in burn plots were greatest between the 2000 baseline and 2001 (Wilcoxon signed-rank test; Z = 3.5, p = 0.0004) and from 2001 to 2002 (Wilcoxon signed-rank test; Z = -3.25, p = 0.001).”
• Please consult a recent issue of the journal for additional information.
The Chicago Manual of Style (15th ed.) is also helpful for additional style and format information and the Merriam-Webster Dictionary (11th ed.) for spelling and hyphenation preferences.
Citations within the text should be listed chronologically (Thompson 1995, Bauer and Smith 2007). In the case of a personal communication or reference to unpublished data, cite the person’s initials and surname, institutional affiliation, followed by pers. comm., unpub. data, etc, strictly in the text. Examples: (S. Galatowitsch, University of Minnesota, unpub. data or S. Glass, UW-Madison Arboretum, pers. comm.)
Hardware and software should also be cited strictly in the text. The citations consist of the name of the item, version/model number, name and (headquarters) location of producer, all in parens: (SAS v. 9, SAS Institute, Cary, NC) (BEI endomycorrhizal inoculant, BioOrganics, Palm Springs, CA)
End references should be listed in alphabetical order. If different works by the same author are referenced, list them in chronological order. Please see examples below and refer to recent past issues of Ecological Restoration for reference formats. Authors of Restoration Notes and book reviews should keep references to a few key citations.
Consecutive entries by the same author(s) are arranged in chronological order (earliest publication first). Works by the same author(s) in the same year are arranged alphabetically by title, differentiated by letter (1998a, 1998b).
Illinois State Climatologist Office (ISCO). 2006. ISWS climate data: Monthly data for station 113320 (Galesburg). www.sws.uiuc.edu/data/climatedb/choose.asp?stn=113320
Jordan, W.R., III. 2000. Restoration, community, and wilderness. Pages 21-36 in P.H. Gobster and R.B. Hull (eds), Restoring Nature: Perspectives from the Social Sciences and Humanities. Washington DC: Island Press.
Jordan, W.R., III. 2003. The Sunflower Forest: Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with Nature. University of California Press, Los Angeles.
Kilvington, M., J. Rosier, R. Wilkinson and C. Freeman. 1998. Urban restoration: Social opportunities and constraints. Paper presented to the Symposium on Restoring the Health and Wealth of Ecosystems, Christchurch, New Zealand, September 28-30.
Richburg, J.A., A.C. Dibble and W.A. Patterson III. 2002. Woody invasive species and their role in altering fire regimes of the northeast and mid-Atlantic states. Pages 104-111 in K.E.M. Galley and T.P. Wilson (eds), Proceedings of the Invasive Species Workshop. Miscellaneous Publication No. 11. Tallahassee FL: Tall Timbers Research Station.
Smart, R.M. and G.O. Dick. 1999. Propagation and establishment of aquatic plants: A handbook for ecosystem restoration projects. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Technical Report A-99-4.
Wood, S.H. 1975. Holocene stratigraphy and chronology of mountain meadows, Sierra Nevada, California. PhD dissertation, California Institute of Technology.
Xi, W., R.K. Peet, J.K. DeCoster and D.L. Urban. 2008a. Tree damage risk factors associated with large, infrequent wind disturbances of Carolina forests. Forestry DOI 10.1093/forestry/cpn020.
Xi, W., R.K. Peet and D.L. Urban. 2008b. Changes in forest structure, species diversity, and spatial pattern following hurricane disturbance in a Piedmont North Carolina forest, USA. Journal of Plant Ecology 1:43-57.
Tables, Photos, and Illustrations
We encourage authors to take tables and figures and their captions seriously. Each caption should be useful and detailed, consisting of 1-3 sentences explaining the content and photo credits when appropriate. Photographs can be used to illustrate points made in the manuscript or to augment the article with additional information about the people, plants, animals, or technologies that were involved. Figures will be reproduced in black and white in the print version of Ecological Restoration (usually requiring higher contrast) and can be reproduced in color in the online version. We use color photos on the front and back covers of the journal and welcome submissions of eye-catching, informative, high-quality photographs.
For all graphic material submitted electronically, please use a consistent file name beginning with the first author's name and then numbered sequentially as the graphics are referred to in the manuscript (e.g., AndersonPhoto1.tif; or AndersonTable2.doc). Label multiple tables and figures and refer to them in the body of the manuscript. MS Word tables are the preferred format for tables. Figures must be of quality suitable for reproduction with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi for photos (.tif or .pdf preferred; .jpg acceptable), 400 dpi for images containing text, and 600 dpi for images containing fine details (.pdf and .eps preferred, .ai, .ps, .psd acceptable). Original submissions may include graphics as part of the document file, but once accepted, separate higher quality graphic files will be required. Please refer to http://uwpress.wisc.edu/journals/preparing_illustrations.html for detailed information on the preparation of figures for publication. If no electronic versions of photos are available, please contact the editors.
Want to Print in Color?
Authors may elect to pay to have their articles appear in 4-color. Depending on the size of the article and/or amount of images, authors may choose either an 8-page or a 16-page signature. The fee for an 8-page signature is $700. The fee for a 16-page signature is $950. Upon manuscript acceptance, please indicate your wish to print in color to the managing editor.
Payment of $50 per page is requested from authors with research grant or other institutional funds available to underwrite publication costs. Invoices will be sent after composition of pages. Authors with no grant or institutional funds do not need to pay publication costs. Ability to pay page charges is not a condition for acceptance of a manuscript. There are additional charges for color pages.