The Russia That We Have Lost
Pre-Soviet Past as Anti-Soviet Discourse
“An original, significant, thought-provoking contribution that examines the discourse of the late Soviet mass intelligentsia about the pre-Soviet past and incisively illustrates its continued salience in contemporary Russian cultural politics.”
In 1917, Bolshevik revolutionaries overthrew the tsar of Russia and established the Soviet Union under a new, communist government, one that viewed the Imperial Russia of old as a righteously vanquished enemy. And yet, as Pavel Khazanov shows, after the collapse of Stalinism, a reconfiguration of Imperial Russia emerged in Soviet culture. In hindsight, tsarist Russia began to appear not as a disgrace but as a glory, a past to recover and to deploy against what to many seemed like a discredited socialist project.
Khazanov’s careful untangling of this discourse in the late Soviet period reveals a process that involved figures of all political stripes, from staunch conservatives to avowed intelligentsia liberals. Further, Khazanov shows that this process occurred not outside of or in opposition to Soviet guidance and censorship but in mainstream Soviet culture that commanded wide audiences, especially among the Soviet middle class. Excavating the cultural logic of this newly foundational, mythic memory of a “lost Russia,” Khazanov reveals why, despite the apparently liberal achievement of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Boris Yeltsin (and later, Vladimir Putin) successfully steered Russia into oligarchy and increasing autocracy. The anti-Soviet memory of the pre-Soviet past, ironically constructed during the late socialist period, became and remains a politically salient narrative, a point of consensus that paradoxically attracts both contemporary regime loyalists and their would-be liberal opposition.
“A beautifully written, and often moving, account of the construction of prerevolutionary Russian cultural memory in the late Soviet and post-Soviet periods. Khazanov’s documentation is rich, his analysis convincing, and his narrative engaging and compelling.”
—Alexandar Mihailovic, author of Illiberal Vanguard: Populist Elitism in the United States and Russia
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Note on Transliteration and Translation
Chapter 1. Soviet Children, in Search of Imperial Grandparents: The Liberal Intelligentsia Subject and Its Historical Occlusions
Chapter 2. History Doesn’t Bear a Grudge: The Rightist Variation on the Neo-Imperial Intelligentsia Subject
Chapter 3. Dare You Come to the Square? Soviet Humanism and Neo-Decembrist Protest for the ITR Class
Chapter 4. The Intelligent Shall Become Narodnyi: The Rightist Variation on Soviet Humanism
Chapter 5. The Post-Soviet Stolypinist Project
Chapter 6. A Russia That They Have Lost? Anxiety and Immanent Critique of the Fascinated Stolypinist Subject
Of Related Interest
208 pp. 6 x 9
11 b/w illus.