French Film History, 1895–1946
Wisconsin Film Studies
Patrick McGilligan, Series Editor
“A deeply researched and compelling history of the first five decades of French cinema. Neupert freshens our understanding of iconic films and directors, while also unearthing new discoveries. French Film History reveals French cinema’s national specificity as well as its global circulation and influence.”
Volume 1 of a new monumental history
French Film History, 1895–1946 addresses the creative and often unexpected trajectory of French cinema, which continues to be one of the most provocative and engaging cinemas in the world. Tracing French film and its developments from the earliest days, when France dominated world cinema, up through the Occupation and Liberation, Neupert outlines major players and films that made it so influential. Paris held a privileged position as one of the world’s hubs of scientific, social, and cultural experimentation; it is no wonder that the cinema as we know it was born there in the nineteenth century. This book presents French cinema’s most significant creative filmmakers and movies but also details the intricate relations between technology, economics, and government that helped shape the unique conditions for cinematic experimentation in the country.
Neupert explains the contexts behind the rise of cinema in France, including groundbreaking work by the Lumière family, Georges Méliès, and Alice Guy; the powerhouse studios of Pathé and Gaumont; directors such as René Clair, Germaine Dulac, Marcel Pagnol, and Jean Renoir; and an array of stars, including Max Linder, Jean Gabin, Josephine Baker, and Michèle Morgan. The first fifty years of French film practice established cinema’s cultural and artistic potential, setting the stage for the global post–World War II explosion in commercial movies and art cinema alike. French film and its rich history remain at the heart of cinematic storytelling and our moviegoing pleasure.
“French Film History 1895-1946 is a comprehensive summary of the first 50 years following the birth of cinema in France and includes a fascinating chapter on filmmaking under Vichy and the Nazi occupation (1940-45). French directors produced almost no overtly pro-German movies, seldom criticized the U.S. or Great Britain, slipped in some anti-Nazi references and generally maintained an ambience of ambiguity in the face of grave danger.”
“A seminal work of dedicated research and meticulous scholarship, French Film History, 1895–1946 is an extraordinary, impressive, detailed and informative history.”
—Midwest Book Review
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
1 Science and Visual Culture in Nineteenth-Century France
2 Lumière, Méliès, and the Rise of Cinema in France
3 Pathé and Gaumont Create a French Film Industry
4 French Production Practices of the 1920s: Revitalizing Art and Industry
5 Early 1930s French Cinema: The Transition to Sound
6 Late 1930s French Cinema: Innovative Style, Politics, and Poetic Realism
7 Occupation Cinema: A Fractured Nation and Film Community
8 Epilogue: Toward a New Era in French Cinema
Of Related Interest
LC: 2021041542 PN
392 pp. 6 x 9
118 b/w, 10 color illus.