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Volume 95, Number 1, Spring 2003 Table of Contents

From the Editor

(Re)Readings—New Readings / Widergelesen—Neu Gelesen

Emil Staiger, Grundbegriffe der Poetik (1946)


Heinz Schlaffer
Fritz Breithaupt
Heinz Schlaffer and Fritz Breithaupt start this new section of Monatshefte with their readings of one of the most influential texts in post-war German Germanistik, Emil Staiger’s Grundbegriffe der Poetik. Staiger was a leading figure of “werkimmanente Interpretation” until the late 60s of the previous century. Heinz Schlaffer represents the generation that grew up with Staiger’s paradigm, Fritz Breithaupt is a member of the generation that was told not to care about Staiger. They are here paired, inaugurating the new column with their points of view. (HA)


A Propos

Wilhelm Heitmeyer
Tolerance as Risk
Wilhelm Heitmeyer provided the first text for our new column A Propos. In it he challenges the concept of tolerance that enjoyed highest respect over centuries, Lessing’s Nathan the Wise is just one of the highlights in this long history. Heitmeyer is an expert in research on the origins and types of social and cultural conflicts and violence. He is professor of socialization at the university of Bielefeld where he serves also as chair of the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflicts and Violence. In addition to that he chairs several research groups on right-wing extremism, xenophobia, and ethnico-cultural conflicts. The books Heitmeyer authored and co-authored have been very successful, among others Rechtsextremistische Orientierung bei Jugendlichen (Weinheim, Munich 1987; 5th edition 1995), Gewalt. Schattenseiten von Individualisierungsprozesse bei Jugendlichen unterschiedlichen Milieus (Weinheim, Munich 1995; 3rd edition 1998), Verlockender Fundamentalismus. Türkische Jugendliche in Deutschland (Co-authored with J. Müller and H. Schröder; Frankfurt am Main 1997, 1st and 2nd edition), and Schattenseiten der Globalisierung. Rechtsradikalismus, Rechtspopulisms und Regionalismus in Westeuropa (Co-edited with D. Loch; Frankfurt am Main 2000). (HA)



Friedemann Weidauer
When Bobos Meet Bhabha: Do Minority Literatures Challenge the Concept of National Literatures?
Texts by minorities have been absorbed with relative ease into the canon of texts marketed by bookstores and taught in schools and colleges. But behind this welcome development hides a growing rift between what the educated elites read and cherish and what happens to members of the same minorities at the lower levels of the educational system where many of them are stuck in remedial writing courses. Thus, culture in industrialized countries is split between those who appreciate the “hybrid” language of minority writings and between those who struggle to master the standard language of the country they live in. The essay investigates the preference of the “new ruling class” for “hybridity” in literary texts and music, and offers—via the concept of “transnational diasporas”—an explanation why the by far greatest number of people belonging to minority groups remain completely untouched by these cultural trends. (FW)


Lucinda Martin
Female Reformers as the Gate Keepers of Pietism: The Example of Johanna Eleonora Merlau and William Penn
The article demonstrates that outsiders wishing to break into the German religious scene in the late seventeenth century concentrated their energies mainly on Pietist women, revealing that contemporaries recognized these women as leaders of the reform movement. After tracing the attempts of English Quakers to spread their religion to Germany through contacts with female activists, the article turns to the correspondence of the Quaker leader, William Penn (1644–1718), and the Pietist activist, Johanna Eleonora Merlau (1644–1724). A close reading of a newly discovered letter from Merlau to Penn provides new insights into her role in early Pietism and also reveals a significant Quaker influence on her thinking. The article concludes that, through female reformers like Merlau, the English dissidents were able to impact significantly on German Pietism. (LM)


Birgit Tautz
“Ein wunderbares morgenländisches Mährchen von einem nackten Heiligen:” Autopiesis of World, Rhetoric of “the Orient”
This article revisits Johann Heinrich Wackenroder’s fairy tale “Wundersames morgenländisches Mährchen von einem nackten Heiligen” in the context of other pieces from his Herzensergiessungen and Phantasien. I argue that the fairy tale’s self-proclaimed rhetoric of the “Orient,” while inevitably linked to autopoiesis, depends on its engagement of the Enlightenment tradition that perceived Asia as text and that presumed a unity of the world. What distinguishes the fairy tale from this tradition is its use of visuality and aurality; images are erased through listening in the process of poetic production. This ‘sensual field,’ the article argues, defines the autopoietic act, which emerges as the new universal idea of Romanticism. (BT)


Klaus Plonien
Von Jena über Heidelberg nach Dülmen. Die Krise ‘ästhetischer Subjektivität’ bei Clemens Brentano in der “Geschichte vom braven Kasperl und dem schönen Annerl”
Clemens Brentano is considered the embodiment of the “homo poeta” in German Romanticism. Like no other writer of this period, Brentano created for himself an aesthetic subjectivity that perpetuated an ongoing existential and poetic crisis. This paper examines the transitional point in Brentano’s aesthetic existence, which is marked by the famous “Kasperl” novella. A critical discussion of Karl Heinz Bohrer’s term “aesthetic subjectivity” provides an understanding of Brentano’s poetic transition. A close reading of the novella guided by recent developments in systems theory and its application in literature demonstrates that Brentano attempted a revision of and a search for possibly overcoming his poetic agenda and thereby also his existential crisis. However, this attempt remains within the medium of literature and therefore, instead of breaking away from this medium, falls back upon itself and as a result, Brentano created “just” another interesting piece of literature. (KP)


Frank Finlay
“Ein krampfhaftes Augenzumachen”: Heinrich Böll and the Literaturbetrieb of the Early Post-war Years
This paper draws on archive material from Heinrich Böll’s Nachlaß to discuss the encounters of a writer of the “young generation” with the Literaturbetrieb between 1945 and 1949, a period to which recent anniversaries and controversies have brought renewed attention. Böll’s correspondence with editors sheds light on the material conditions in the publishing industry in the western zones of occupation and the impact of the Currency Reform of 1948. These letters also reveal the importance of Böll’s editors’ perceptions of public taste, particularly the diagnosis of an increasing antipathy to literary portrayals of the War. The impact of prevailing conditions in the literary market-place on discursive aspects of Böll’s writing is then explored with particular reference to the genesis of his first two books for Friedrich Middelhauve Verlag, Der Zug war pünktlich (1949) and Wanderer, kommst Du nach Spa. . . (1950). By way of conclusion, it is argued that socio-economic and political factors might be accorded a more differentiated place within the overall context of the “literary field” in which Böll operated. (FF)


Book Reviews

Baildam, John D., Paradisal Love: Johann Gottfried Herder and the Song of Songs (Michael Morton)

Bailey, Colin B., ed., Gustav Klimt: Modernism in the Making (James L. Zychowicz)

Bennholdt-Thomsen, Anke und Alfredo Guzzoni, Analecta Hölderliniana: Zur Hermetik des Spätwerks (Paul Fleming)

Bergengruen, Maximilian, Roland Borgards und Johannes Friedrich Lehmann, Hrsg., Die Grenzen des Menschen. Anthropologie und Ästhetik um 1800 (Dirk Oschmann)

Bloch, Ernst, Logos der Materie. Eine Logik im Werden. Aus dem Nachlaß 1923–1949. Hrsg. von Gerardo Cunico. (Ludger Lütkehaus)

Catling, Jo, ed., A History of Women’s Writing in Germany, Austria and Switzerland (Katherine R. Goodman)

George, Emery E., Hölderlin’s Hymn “Der Einzige”: Sources, Language, Context, Form (Paul Fleming)

Grathoff, Dirk, Kleist: Geschichte, Politik, Sprache. Aufsätze zu Leben und Werk Heinrich von Kleists (Bernd Fischer)

Hargraves, John A., Music in the Works of Broch, Mann, and Kafka (Vera Stegmann)

Jackson, W.H. and S.A. Ranawake, The Arthur of the Germans: The Arthurian Legend in Medieval German and Dutch Literature (Salvatore Calomino)

Kister, Stefan, Text als Grab: Sepulkrales Gedenken in der deutschen Literatur um 1800 (Uli Wunderlich)

Knopf, Jan, Hrsg., Brecht-Handbuch. Stücke. Bd. 1. Gedichte. Bd. 2 (Marc Silberman)

Kopp, Detlev und Michael Vogt, Hrsg., Grabbes Welttheater: Christian Dietrich Grabbe zum 200. Geburtstag (Roy C. Cowen)

Manko, Michael, Die “Roten Fäden” in Zettels Traum. Literarische Quellen und ihre Verarbeitung in Arno Schmidts Meisterwerk (Volker Langbehn)

Marshall, Jennifer Cizik, Betrothal, Violence, and the ‘Beloved Sacrifice’ in Nineteenth-Century German Literature (Sabine von Mering)

Meier, Andreas, Hrsg., Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz. Vom Sturm und Drang zur Moderne (Martin Kagel)

O’Dochartaigh, Pól, ed., Jews In German Literature Since 1945: German-Jewish Literature? (Monika Shafi)

Posthofen, Renate S., ed., Barbara Frischmuth in Contemporary Context (Margarete Lamb-Faffelberger)

Ritchie, J.M., ed., German-speaking Exiles in Great Britain (Jacqueline Vansant)

Schäfer, Bettina, Ohne Anfang—ohne Ende. Arabeske Darstellungsformen in E.T.A. Hoffmanns Roman Lebens-Ansichten des Katers Murr (Dominik Müller)

Scheitler, Irmgard, Gattung und Geschlecht: Reisebeschreibungen deutscher Frauen 1780–1850 (Jennifer Ham)

Schneider, Sabine M., Die schwierige Sprache des Schönen. Moritz’ und Schillers Semiotik der Sinnlichkeit (Dirk Oschmann)

Schulz, Gudrun und Martin Kagel, Hrsg., Rolf Dieter Brinkmann: Blicke ostwärts — westwärts. Beiträge des 1. Internationalen Symposiums zu Leben und Werk Rolf Dieter Brinkmanns (Hermann Rasche)

Sokel, Walter H., The Myth of Power and the Self: Essays on Franz Kafka (Rolf J. Goebel)

Vansant, Jacqueline, Reclaiming Heimat: Trauma and Mourning in Memoirs by Jewish Austrian Reémigrés (Peter Blickle)


Sommerschule Literaturwissenschaft in Marbach