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Journal of Human Resources


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Detailed JHR Policy on Replication and Data Availability

Effective August 1, 1989; Revised July 2022.


  1. Manuscripts submitted to the JHR will be judged in part by whether they have reconciled their results with already published research on the same topic. In cases where a past study has obtained different results for reasons that are not obvious on an a priori basis, authors may be required to perform some comparative estimation with their own data set. In addition, the JHR will continue its existing policy of requiring authors to present the results of sensitivity tests.

  2. Authors of accepted manuscripts will be asked to preserve the data used in their analysis and to make the data available online in a well-curated repository (for example, the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), The Dataverse Project, or one’s institutional repository) in the public domain [CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) license]. Authors are required to provide their archive plans as a footnote with the submitted manuscript, including a persistent link (preferably a DOI link) to the data set. Authors are responsible for making available complete replication materials, including the data and code, models, and other materials necessary for replication, along with a read-me file to assist others in using the data.

    If the data are publicly available or, on the other hand, an exemption has been requested, authors should provide any supporting replication materials that can be supplied to assist researchers with replication, to be published with the manuscript as an Online Appendix.

  3. Authors wishing to request an exemption from the data availability requirement should notify the editors at the time of manuscript submission; otherwise, authors will be assumed to accept the requirement. The use of proprietary data sets, for example, may prompt an exemption request. The JHR may grant a waiver of the replication policy if the data meet these criteria: (i) there is any method at all by which other researchers may obtain the data, and (ii) the authors commit to providing guidance about obtaining the data. In requesting a waiver, please provide a brief explanation of why the waiver is required and how you meet these criteria.

  4. Authors who wish clarification of any aspect of this policy statement may write to the editor.

Data Availability Statement

Authors must include a statement on the title page of the manuscript in the author affiliations footnote indicating data availability, providing a persistent (preferably DOI) link to the data in a repository. If the JHR granted a waiver, add a waiver statement describing why the data are not available and whether they can be obtained through any means. The data replication statement, including contact information, is required for all published papers. Examples:

  • The data used in this article are available online: Lillard, Lee A. Dynamics of Economic and Demographic Behavior: “Clean Processes” From the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research.

  • This paper uses confidential data from the MathSciNet data archive maintained by the American Mathematical Society. The data can be obtained by filing a request directly with the American Mathematical Society (include URL or other contact info). The authors are willing to assist (author name and email). Models are available in the Online Appendix.

  • The data used in this article can be obtained from the website of the Demographic and Health Surveys ( Additional replication materials are provided in the Online Appendix.

Authors are also encouraged to cite their data in the body of the manuscript, including the data as an item in the list of references. The citation format should be: Authors. Year. Data from: Title. Repository name. DOI link.

Pre-analysis Plans

For those conducting randomized controlled trials, indicate the following: whether there is a pre-analysis plan, whether and where it is registered, and if you have deviated from it, how so. This information can be mentioned briefly in a footnote and expanded upon in the main text or Online Appendix.